Western Lands – 3

9 June 1799 from Paris [Kentucky] – Andrew Todd to John McCulloh

Dear Brother,

Your last dated Germantown Oct. 16th came safe to hand which I should have answered long before this time had I not been waiting to hear your final determination about leaving Philadelphia.  In this letter you say should you remove to the neighborhood of Pitt you would not be adverse to purchase Brother Robts & my Westmoreland land & request me to inform you the lowest penny I will take for them.  Having never seen any person who had seen the Crocked Creek tracts & only one person who had seen the Alegany tract never having been in that country myself & never having received any information as to the probable value of the crocked creek lands, it is very difficult for me to say what I would be willing to take for them…

From the information which you probably had when in that country & from information which you may collect from Col. Porter who has lands in the same neighborhood & who has probably either seen or has had such information as may be relied on you can form a pretty near estimate of their value.  I would wish you if you have determined to move to that country to make me an offer.

If you have determined not to remove there I know you have or can have better information of their value than I can possibly obtain & would therefore wish you to sell them at first opportunity.  There is a  half tract land given by my Father in hs last will to Brother Robert & myself for which I do not recollect that I have any writing to establish our claim to, other than my Father’s will.  As Col. Porter’s life is uncertain I would wish you to enquire into this matter & have done what ever may be necessary to secure to us our share of said tract.  I would also wish him to purchase our share of said tract.  I knew nothing about this tract except what I can gather from my Father’s will. In whos name the Patent [was] issued I knew not.

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 3, frame 482, 483

Work as an attorney

Background:  John (b. 1747) McCulloh’s main occupation was as a merchant but he was also an attorney.  Letters include work preformed for family members and friends, primarily as power of attorney.  Andrew Todd was the father-in-law of John McCulloh.  Andrew Todd, Jr. was the Physician writing to encourage Samuel McCulloh to become a physician.

11 November 1780

Know all men by these present that I Andrew Todd, late of Bedford Township in the County of Bedford in the State of Pennsylvania, yeoman, ordained and constituted and by these persons do make ordain and constitute and in my place and sted put & depose John McCulloh of the city of Philadelphia in the State aforesaid house carpenter, my true and lawful attorney for me and in my name and for my life to ask demand sue for recover and receive all such sums and sums of money debts goods ware as due amounts and other demands whatsoever which are or shall be due owning payable and belonging to me.

24 July 1781

Know all men by these present that I Andrew Todd Junr of the city of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, Practitioner of Physic, have made ordained & constituted and by these present do make ordain…. [etc.] do put & depute John McCulloh of the City of Philadelphia in the state aforesaid, house carpenter, my true & lawful attorny for me & my name & for my use…

19 May 1783

Joseph McCulloh, house carpenter gives power of attorney to John McCulloh, merchant.

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 1, frame 25, 30, 54

Money and banking

Background:  Colonial America did not have banks.  Credit and loaning money was done through merchants.  The first bank came after the Revolutionary War –  the Bank of North America formed in 1781 in Philadelphia.*  The letters in this category are examples of a merchant (John McCulloh) involved in credit.  It would be interesting to know if the Mr. Franklin mentioned in the second letter was Benjamin Franklin.

7 Sept 1782 from New Haven, Connecticut – Andrew Todd to John McCulloh

To Maj. John McCulloh,

Sr at three days sight please. To say Jared Ingersall, Esq. of Philadelphia on Order Six pounds twelve shillings lawful money of Connecticut or twenty-two Spanish Hill Dollars or Charge post value.                                                             Your brother-in-law, Andrew Todd

To Maj. John McCulloh, Spruce St. 1st house E. of 4th St., Philadelphia

Received Oct. 21, 1782 of Mr. John McCulloh the content of the above order – for Mr. Jared Ingersoll.                                            John Coburn, Jr.


19 Sep 1782 from Philadelphia – John McCulloh to Andrew Todd

Dear Brother,

I hear with send you two letters of credit as you will undoubtedly stand in need of money.  I would wish you to call upon Mr. Smith to the amount of fifty-dollars and what ever you may stand in need of move to call upon Mr. Franklin and draw me in dollars at what you please.  We are all well.  I have had a letter from your Father.  He and his is well.  Write me by the first opportunity.  I am Dear Brother, yours affectionately,                                       John McCulloh

L7 – 5 – 4 1/2

7 Oct. 1782 – Draft on M. J. McCulloh in favor of Jared Ingersol by Dr. Andrew Todd


McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 1, frame 40, 41

* Information from “The US Banking System: Origin, Development and Regulation by Richard Sylla.  History Now, the Journal of the Gilder Lehrman Institute

Becoming a physician – 3

Background:  This letter was sent between the letters of Becoming a physician 1 & 2.

24 May 1791 from Louisa, Virginia – Andrew Todd to John McCulloh

My Dear Brother,

Yours by Capt. Berret came safe, which gave me the pleasing information of the welfare of your family.  As to the organ which I requested you to inquire of, I have the pleasure to inform you that I am supplied with a very good one,  having three slopes & good tone.  It is a second hand one, is supposed to have cost L80 or L100 pounds originally.  Stood me in L50.

I was very anxious for Samy’s making a choice of a profession & ad a predilection for Physick in hopes if that should be his choice I should have the pleasure of his living more or less with me at those times when he would loose least by his absence from Philadelphia.  I conceived Samy was loosing much time for altho we ought to embrace every opportunity of acquiring knowledge of various kinds yet our principal pursuit ought to be our professional study & others occationally only.  By Samy’s letter to me he had determined to study Physick & I expect is now engaged therein.  A tolerable share of application with the great opportunities that are now enjoyed in Philadelphia cannot fail to make him a good Physician.  But I would  wish him to prepare with the greatest application & determine on nothing short of arriving at the head of his profession which with education he has had & opportunities he now has may be accomplished.

My aged father is in good health, tho gradually I think, pretty fast bending downwards to the grave.  We have but two children, our eldest a boy about 2 1/2 years old, our youngest a girl about 11 months.  Both as most children are in the Eges of their parents promising.  We had nearly lost our little boy last winter by the cotanhal fever previous to the close of which he was attacked with the measles & both together nearly carried him off.  We are at present by the blessings of God in good health.

My father and Mrs. Todd present their good wishes to you, Mrs. McCulloh & family with other inquiring friends.  After presenting my own to your family I desire to be remembered to Drs Rush, Mead & White with the last of Samy can aquire an intimacy he may learn a good deal of Practical Chemistry.  Samy will please to excuse my not writing to him at present as the bearer of this, Johny Todd, is now waiting for it.  He is on his way to Carlisle college. I shall expect Samy to come as soon as Dr. Hutchinson shall think it prudent for him so to do.

I am your dear brother with much esteem,  Yours Andrw Todd

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 2, frame 324

Becoming a physician

Background:  Andrew Todd was the brother-in-law of John McCulloh and from the writing in the letter must have been a physician himself.  Samuel McCulloh, called Samey in the letter, was the oldest son of John McCulloh and would have been age 16 at the time of its writing. Samuel did become a physician serving as a ships surgeon on one of his father’s ships.

20 May 1788 from Louisa, Virginia – Andrew Todd to John McCulloh

Dear Brother,

I am much pleased to hear that Samey is so far advanced in his education as to commence this summer and should he make choice of the study of Physick, I can & will cheerfully meet your proposal of his spending the first of any part of his time with me and shall be extremely happy how much of it he can spend with me consistant with his own improvement in the knowledge of Theory and Practice of Physick.

I can also assure you that Mrs. Todd will with the  greatest chearfullness agree to his living with us – for upon my expressing some doubts as to the propriety of his spending the first part of his time with me with respect to his own improvement, she could not help desiding me not to write anything to the contrary to you.

I think a great deal will depend on the state of your finances where or with whome he ought to begin & have finish his studies.  If your circumstances are easy would it not be best for him to open the first part of his time in Philadelphia until a good foundation was laid or he was tolerably well acquainted with those first principles of the Theory & Practice of Physick which he can only learn to any tolerable perfection in Philadelphia & afterwards he can read much more as a great advantage in the country as in the city perhaps.  If your circumstances are rather difficult the method you propose will do very well via his spending not only the first part of his time but summer with me & the winter in Philadelphia.  So much will depend on your circumstances that I being unacquainted with them cannot undertake to advise you.  Consult some of your city Physicians & let his opportunities of improvement be the best you can give him even should you expend all you will be able to give him in his education.  If he is a student under any of the Professors of the University [of Maryland] you will save that professors fees.  If under any that is not a professor you will have them still to pay.  A student with shipping, he may become the best anatomist & surgeon with Rush or Kuhn, the best physicians probably.

Let you determine as you may about him.  I think he may spend at least one if not two summers with me to advantage. A number of good authors & will spare pains to instruct him all that I can.  I shall at all times be glad to hear from you more particularly as soon as you & Samey are determined.

My aged father, Polly & our little son are well & join me in wishing you & family every possible happiness here & hereafter.  Should you go to the Western Country, I shall be very happy to see you here on your return if you can make it tolerably convenient.  Present my love to Col. Porter & other inquiring friends.  Parson Todd’s family are all well.  Dady & myself wrote to you a few weeks ago by Parson Blair.  He has one from Dady for you but the two above mentioned are probably still here owing to his not taking Parson Todd in his way as he promised.  I am Dear Brother yours sincerely,                                                                                                                                  Andrew Todd

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 2, frame 129, 130