Yellow Fever

Background – While this post is about scarlet fever rather than yellow fever both were a constant threat, so I’ve put them in the same category.

29 January 1802 – Mary McCulloh to Andrew McCulloh

Dear Brother,

We have been very uneasy hearing such various reports of the death of my Aunt Pannell and the dreadful incident that Wm Pierce and cousin Ann has lately met with.  And your silence through it all has indused me to write to you at this time of night.  We have been anxiously waiting a letter from you and my patience is now quite exhausted as we have not had a letter from either of you.  Your silence is really unaccountable.

I shall expect an answer by the return of post giving full account of both.  It was mearly by accident that we heard of it through Mrs. Barnes.

Mamamea and the children enjoy tolerable good health at present.  The scarlet fever has prevailed much through our city and been very fatal in some families.  We have had it in our family but we were much favored with it.  Uncle Bringhurst buried one of his little ones in that fever.  As I have nothing in particular to communicate and the family are all in bed I must bid you adieu.  Give my love to James and John & William and tell him his little William has been sick but is well.

From your sincere and affectionate sister,  Mary McCulloh

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 4, frame 119



Knox, Usher & McCulloh

11 February 1801 – Narrative of McCulloh partnership

There existed in Baltimore a copartnership under the firm of Knox, Usher & McCulloh, at the dissolution of which Wm Knox & James McCulloh were to collect certain debts and to discharge certain claims against the firm.  The accounts of the Partnership have never been finally settled.

James McCulloh died, Edward Pannell & John Mcculloh became executors to his estate.  A demand was made against Wm Knox at that time, surviving partner of Knox, Usher & McCulloh, by Phineas Bond for a debt due by them to Eddows Patric & Elliot of England.  John McCulloh under an impression that the estate of James McCulloh was indebted to Knox, Usher & McCulloh more than the amount called for by P. Bond, paid Wm Knox $1,200 for the purpose of discharging the same, but without the approbation of his colleague, Ed Pannell & before any specific claim was legally proven by Knox, Usher & McCulloh against the estate of James McCulloh

John McCulloh died & we as Executors to his estate have rendered our account to Ed Pannell the surviving executor to the estate of James McCulloh, who refuses to admit the payment  made Wm Knox by his colleague upon the principle of its being an informal transaction.

Are we liable for the $1,200 & if so what steps must be pursued to obtain the same from Wm Knox who refuses to refund it.  No receipt was given by Wm Knox for the money and the only evidence we possess of its having been paid him, is the entry in John McCulloh’s books where payment stands charged to the estate of James McCulloh.

[Signed by John’s sons] Sam McCulloh and Andrew McCulloh

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 4, frame 13, 14

Business Dealings – 3

Background:  This is the last letter John McCulloh wrote before his death.

8 March 1800 from Philadelphia – John McCulloh to Andrew McCulloh

My Dear Andrew,

I wrote you some days since & am without any of yours since that time.  Mr. Bringhurst has told me this day that the gig is ready, but Mattis will not take it down for less than twenty dollars on act of something having occurred to Mr. Rogers so that he wishes not to take the coaches.  That his friend bespoke so that it is most likely that unless some unforeseen occurrence, it must be sent by water but in this Mr. Pierce must direct.  I wish you to request Mr. Pierce to take my policy to the Insurance office.  I have it made a Value policy.  I have had the one here made so without any difficutlty.

I leave this on Monday morning for New York.  I expect to return on this day week.   Remember me to all my Balitmore friends.                                             Remain your affectionate father, John McCulloh


10 May 1800 from Baltimore – Andrew McCulloh to Samuel McCulloh

… Uncle Pannell wants Mr. Bringhurst to make him a carriage (without harness) and nearly of the same fashion shape and size of that which Mr. Simmons made for Mr. Pierce some time ago.  The body to be made with a sword case to hang on steel springs and painted a handsome green, the carriage to be made with a pearch so as to go either with one or two horses.

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 3, frame 522, 597

Business Dealings – 2

Background:  Knox, Usher and McCulloh was a business firm in Baltimore and the southern link of the McCulloh family merchant system.  With the death of James McCulloh, a partner in Knox, Usher and McCulloh the partnership seemed to be ending.

9 February 1800 from Philadelphia – John McCulloh to Andrew McCulloh

My Dear Andrew,

Yours of the 2 & 6th has both come to hand & I am sorry to hear that the failure of W. Duncan has affected your Uncle Pannell & Mr. Pierce.  I observe what you say respecting the British debt due by K, U, McC.  I am sorry that Mr. P has forgot the conversation that took place in the state for in it he agreed that I should pay it as it was plain to us both that there is a sum due that Firm from your Uncle James & altho I said in my last to yu that I had paid  a part of it.  It was in this way when Mr. K was pressed by Mr. Bond on behalf of the creditors.  I told him that I could not pay any part of it, but I would lend him 300L which I did & paid it over to Mr. B & on my letters from Maryland I told him that Mr. Pannell had agreed that I should pay it which he certainly did the last day we have together.  But I make no doubt Mr. K will do what is right in the business.  As to his going down at present it is absurd  to ask him if Mr. Usher is so very sure that a considerable sum is coming to him why is he so unwilling to come here and settle the business.  Be assured that I would not do a thing that appeared improper.  It’s impossible for me to say how the ashes of the late house stands but I wish most sincerely that Mr. Usher would come up and attempt a settlement with Mr. Knox.

I am happy to hear that my sister is better.  Pray God may share her blessing to  her dear children.  It is him alone that can make us truly happy and to his guidance & care I commit you & all that is dear to me.                                                                         John McCulloh

PS. We have a number of failures in this city.  Peter Blight is the most prominent – Walter is not yet returned from Maryland so that I can say nothing about Mr. P’s gig.

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 3, frame 542, 543

Death of a sibling – 2

Background:  James was the last of John McCulloh’s brother’s to die.  The two were close and as business partners wrote constantly.  John’s sister mentioned below was Sarah McCulloh, the wife of Edward Pannell.

10 January 1798 from Baltimore – Edward Pannell to John McCulloh

With extreme concern of mind I now inform you of the death of your brother James who departed this life on the 8th Inst and with real concern of mind we regret his loss.  By his wish it appears that you, myself and Samuel Wilson of Somerset County [Maryland] are appointed executors. When the Orphans Court meets I shall have the will proved.  This will be the 13th Inst and the following post I will forward you a copy of the will under seal.  Our family are at present well except your sister [Sarah] who is much indisposed.                                                        My best respects to you & family, Edward Pannell

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 3, frame 308