Work as an attorney

Background:  John (b. 1747) McCulloh’s main occupation was as a merchant but he was also an attorney.  Letters include work preformed for family members and friends, primarily as power of attorney.  Andrew Todd was the father-in-law of John McCulloh.  Andrew Todd, Jr. was the Physician writing to encourage Samuel McCulloh to become a physician.

11 November 1780

Know all men by these present that I Andrew Todd, late of Bedford Township in the County of Bedford in the State of Pennsylvania, yeoman, ordained and constituted and by these persons do make ordain and constitute and in my place and sted put & depose John McCulloh of the city of Philadelphia in the State aforesaid house carpenter, my true and lawful attorney for me and in my name and for my life to ask demand sue for recover and receive all such sums and sums of money debts goods ware as due amounts and other demands whatsoever which are or shall be due owning payable and belonging to me.

24 July 1781

Know all men by these present that I Andrew Todd Junr of the city of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, Practitioner of Physic, have made ordained & constituted and by these present do make ordain…. [etc.] do put & depute John McCulloh of the City of Philadelphia in the state aforesaid, house carpenter, my true & lawful attorny for me & my name & for my use…

19 May 1783

Joseph McCulloh, house carpenter gives power of attorney to John McCulloh, merchant.

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 1, frame 25, 30, 54

Estate papers

Background:  Joseph was the 7th child of John b. 1721 and Elizabeth McCulloh.  It appears that Joseph owed his step father for the various activities below which were  still outstanding at time of Joseph’s death in 1784.

Philadelphia May 9, 1775

The estate of Joseph McCulloh deceased             To the estate of Henry Rankin

1774 – To his boarding, washing and lodging with horse.  Keeping 12 weeks @ 3 of   18 – –

1775 – To cash paid Charles Hamilton for 7 yd linen @ 3/8 a yd making 2 shirts.  To one pair shoes, one pair hose.  To 5 servants boarding brought from Ireland & unto Lancaster at different times.                       1-5-8

1776 – To his board, washing, lodging with his horse keeping 15 weeks at 3of.  22-10-0.   To his horse keeping being sent from Philadelphia and ordered to be sold in a month  3-0-0.

1777 – To one feather b ed & clothes for 5- –

1778 – To 4 shirts @ 15of & 2 pairs of hose @ 7/6   3-15-0

1780 – To cash lent him & receipt L1501-6-3.  Continental reduced to specie  25-0-6

Total:  L89-16-2

Personally appeared before me Israel Howell one of the Justices for the city and county of Philadelphia, Elizabeth Rankin and made bother that the above account is just and true and due the estate of Henry Rankin, dec.

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 1, first frame

Estate Inventories

Background:  Common practice for settling an estate included an inventory to be taken.  Items listed sometimes seem strange to us today because they are not only the large valuable items, but clothes and small things as well.  It is interesting to compare the two inventories below – one from a female, Margaret McCulloh (niece of John McCulloh b. 1747) and one from her uncle, Joseph McCulloh (brother of John b. 1747).

An inventory of the personal estate of Margaret McCulloh, dec. in the posession of John McCulloh at the time of her death March 27, 1784.  Taken by her Uncle John McCulloh April 2, 1784.

1 Mahogany bedsted,    1 sickling bottomford,    1 bed, 1 bolster,    2 pillows,    3 blankets,    2 bed quilts, the one old the other new,    3 pillow cases,    3 sheets,    1 cover bed bunt,    1 silver tanker,    12 table spoons silver,    12 tea spoons silver,    1 small table cloth and napkins,   3 gowns old,    1 petticoat,     2 old hats 1 beaver,    2 chair aprins,     6 pair bottom hackens,    1 jacket & petticoat,    2 under jackets,    1 bundle containing sundry pieces of old silk,    3 bundles containing sundry pieces of linen,   1 old wrought pocket book,    1 bundle containing purses of calico,    1 fringe loom,    1 pair sleeves,    1 short gown calico,    1 fether tippet a number of old flowers,    1 bundle of old gause 1 bundle of old ribbons,    1 side sadle,    1 old chest,    1 band box,     1 small trunk,    1 pair silk shoes 1 pair silver lockets,    2 pocket Bibles & 2 small volumes


An inventory of goods belonging to the estate of Joseph McCulloh dec. taken 6 July 1784 and appraised by Robt. _____ and Frazer Kinslay.

1 looking glass 2 flour pots,    1 large dining table,    1 middle size dining table,    1 mahogany card table,    1 walnut dressing table,    6 chamber chairs,    1 old tea table,    2 potts & 1 pair locks,    1 Windsor chair,    1 pair andirons 1 pair tongs,    1 grid iron with foot,    1 grinding box,    8 hand knives and forks,    2 china banks each cracked,     4 ___ dish queen ware,    1 candle stick 1 pair snuffers,     1 sarver small,    1 tumbler, 1 tea pott & tea bottle,    1 set benik & pair of jointer,    1 rabbet plain & gembolate box,    4 tea spoons, table ditto all plate,    1 tea kettle,    1 flavor pott,    1 desk,    1 bedstead,    1 bed bolster & 2 pillows,    1 chest,     2 skirts,    2 blankets,    1 cover,    2 pillow cases,    1 pair saddle bags,   a stool,     1 set buttons

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 1, frame 141, 182

British Connection

Background:  It may seem strange to have a will from Ireland in the McCulloh collection, but Robert McCulloh lived in Ireland as did others related to him.  The will posted here helps sort out some of the family connections in Somerset County, Maryland, ultimately coming to Elizabeth Reynolds, who married either Joseph  or Samuel McCulloh, brothers of John McCulloh b. 1747.

1780 – Will of Mary McWaters

I, Mary McWaters of Belfast in the county of Antrim widow make and publish this my last will and testament in manner following –

I leave and bequeath unto my brother Thos Sloss of Princess Ann in Somerset County, Maryland in Amer., planter the sum of L500 Irish Sterling and unto his wife Mary Sloss my tortese shell snuff boxes and unto his daughter Mary Sloss my gold watch and two cameos.

I leave and bequeath unto Sarah Reynolds otherwise Sloss of Philadelphia Widow and her four children, Namely William, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Mary Reynolds the sum of L700 Irish Silver to be equally divided among them or such of them that survive me, share and share alike.

I order and direct my Exors herein after named do lend out the sum of L200 Irish Sterling at such a rate of interest among such surety as they shall think fit and continue the same at interest  during the life of my sister Margt Leaven otherwise Sloss, wife of Thomas Leaven of Maryland afore said therewith and that the interest of its life be paid her annually during her life, without the _?_ or intermeddling of her husband.  But if my Exors shall at any time thereafter think it advisable to remit said L200 to America, I will and desire that they remit same to the said Thomas Sloss but without risque to themselves. And the said Thomas Sloss, do hand out said sum of L200 at interest in America and pay the interest to arise therefore unto the said Margaret Leaven during her life in manner aforesaid.

McCulloh Papers, 1773-1848, Maryland Historical Society, MS 2110, microfilm reel 1, frame 22